Baba Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple also known as Baba Baidyanath Dham temple is considered one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. It is an extremely auspicious pilgrimage center among Hindus and attracts devotees from across the country every year.
Baba Dham is also famous for the Shravan fair. Lakhs of Shiva devotees go from Sultanganj to Deoghar and take holy Ganges water and offer it to the Shivling.
The Matsya Purana also describes that place as Arogya Baidyanath, the holy place where Shakti resides and helps Shiva to free people from incurable diseases.
The origin of its name is not found in any script, but it seems to have been known as Baidyanath Dham after the construction of the Baidyanath Temple and later as Deoghar or B Deoghar.
If you are planning to visit Baba Badhnath Dham Temple then you can hire a taxi service in Deoghar and can explore this temple and many more places.
History of Baba Baidyanath Dham Temple, Deoghar
Baidyanath Dham has been famous since the reign of the last Gupta emperor, Adityasen Gupta in the 8th century AD. Mughal emperor Akbar’s brother-in-law built a pond in the name of Mansarovar in Deoghar. This temple appears to have maintained its importance even during the Muslim rule in India.
Structure of the Baba Baijnath Dham Mandir
The temple is divided into three parts, the entrance, the central part, and the main temple. The 72 feet high temple faces east and looks like a lotus. At the top of the temple are three gold vessels that were donated by Raja Puran Singh, the Maharaja of Gidhaur. Besides the vessels there is a ‘Panchasula’, a trident with five knives in the shape, and an eight-petaled lotus gem, known as the Chandrakanta Mani.
The Shivalingam is about 5 inches in diameter, 4 inches in height, and is broken at the top. Apart from the main Shiva temple in the temple complex, there are a total of 21 temples, which are dedicated to Maa Parvati, Maa Kali, Maa Jagat Janani, Kaal Bhairav and Laxminarayan.
Who built the Baidyanath temple and when?
It is believed that the Baidyanath temple was built by the divine architect Lord Vishwakarma. Parts of the front of the temple are said to have been built in 1596 by Puran Mal, the ancestor of the Maharaja of Giddaur. However, the name of the builder of the temple is not known.
Special Features of Baba Baijnath Dham Mandir
There are 21 other temples along with the main temple of Baba Baidyanath. Here you will find some temples of Parvati, Ganesha, Brahma, Kalabhairava, Hanuman, Saraswati, Surya, Ram-Lakshman-Janaki, Ganga, Kali, Annapurna and Lakshmi-Narayan. Maa Parvati temple is tied to the Shiva temple with red colored threads.
The main temple has a pyramidal tower in which three gold vessels are arranged in an organized manner. These were gifted by the Maharaja of Giddhaur, Raja Puran Singh. There are five knives in the shape of a trident (Panchasula) as well as an eight-petalled lotus stone called Chandrakanta Mani. In front of the Lord is a huge Nandi, the mountain of Lord Shiva.
What is the story behind Baba Baidyanath Dham Temple?
It is said that the demon king Ravana had sought a boon from Lord Shiva that would make him almighty. As a sacrifice, he offered each of his ten heads one after the other. This pleased Lord Shiva, who came to earth and healed the injured Ravana. The act of curing made Lord Shiva akin to a doctor or Vaidya/Vaidya. Hence, the name Baidyanath.
Another version states that Ravana, one of the greatest devotees of Lord Shiva, requested him to make Lanka his home. The Lord could not accept this but he said that the Shiva Linga would be as good as his presence. He put a condition that while carrying the Shivling, Ravana should not put it down anywhere. If he did, the place where he placed it would be the place of the penis. When Ravana was taking it to Lanka, the gods feared the consequences of the linga in Ravana’s kingdom and requested Lord Varuna, the lord of waters, to break his journey. Varuna entered Ravana’s stomach, from which the demon king wanted to relieve himself. He got down on the ground and handed over the linga to a Brahmin (in disguise of Lord Vishnu) and asked to hold it.
As Ravana went to redeem himself, Lord Vishnu placed the linga on the ground and disappeared. When Ravana came back, he realized that he had been tricked. The linga was resting on the ground. He tried to displace it with all his might. However, he could not. So he saluted there. This place is considered to be Deoghar.
This temple also doubles as a Shakti Peeth. When Lord Shiva’s first wife, Sati, immersed herself after the yajna (sacrifice or offering) of her father Daksha, the woeful Lord, roamed the world with her body. Lord Vishnu cut it into 52 parts. It is said that his heart fell in Deoghar – making it a Shakti Peeth.
Interesting facts about Baba Baidyanath Dham Temple
Baidyanath Jyotirling is also locally known as Baidyanath Dham.
Considering how old the Jyotirlinga and associated temples are, there is some variation in beliefs about their locations. Three different sites have been claimed to be the actual Jyotirlinga – Baidyanath Temple in Deoghar, Jharkhand, Vaijnath Temple in Parli, Maharashtra, and Bajinath Temple in Bajinath, Himachal Pradesh.
Devotees are allowed to perform Abhishek (anointing of the linga with water) on the Jyotirlinga itself.
Shravan fair is held in Baba Baidhnath Dham Temple every July-August.
While you can visit this spiritual place at any time of the year, it would be best to visit during the winter months between October and March. A visit to this ancient and divine destination during Mahashivratri would be the ultimate treat for any devotee!
Where is Baba Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple located?
This temple is located in Deoghar, Jharkhand. Deoghar means ‘home of the gods’.
Baba Baidyanath Temple Timing
This temple door opens from 4:00 AM Morning till 09:00 PM at Night.
How to reach Baidyanath Temple by Train?
Board a train to Jasidih Junction (Station Code: JSME), the nearest railway junction to Baidyanath Temple, Jasidih is well connected by trains with all major cities of India. Baba Baidhnath Dham Temple is well connected by road, rail, and air so you can choose any things to reach here. You can hire a Taxi service in Deoghar from kinwar Cabs to explore the Deoghar or Baba Baidhnath Dham.